Each patent document has a unique identifying number and includes a detailed description of an invention, usually with drawings, and information about the inventor and applicant. Before applying for patent protection, you must make sure that what you have created is indeed an invention and does not fall in categories that are excluded from patent protection.
Please note that the requirement for novelty means that the invention must be new at the priority date of the invention anywhere in the world — not known through written or oral public disclosure or through use. Therefore a search for novelty must include the patents granted or any other related publications abroad on national and international level such as European Patent Office, Patent Co-operation Treaty PCT published applications.
In order to perform patent search in the worldwide patent databases, go to www. Please bear in mind that this database is not yet complete, as not all patent documents are included.
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Although this initial search is not compulsory it is advisable. Performing a search prior to applying is vital as it helps you to: determine whether you can protect your IP i. News and Updates Lockdown The Companies and Intellectual Property Commission, would like to advise customers that the extension of the national lockdown w….
As from 1 April only fully automated services see notice 20 on the indicated channels that will be available to the publi….The web has revolutionized nearly every aspect of human endeavor.
This is equally true for entrepreneurs, who can perform virtually all of their business activities online. Using the web can save considerable time and money in launching a new enterprise by providing information not previously or readily available.
A good example is the would-be inventor who has created an idea for a product that is sure to make millions. The internet can help both the novice and seasoned inventor deal with a potential roadblock before too much time and effort is invested. Has someone else already come up with the same or a similar idea? The answer is a patent search of the U.
Patent Officeeither online or in person. A patentability search is conducted by examining published patents that relate to your own invention to figure out whether your idea has already been patented. You can also see similar inventions, allowing you to improve and refine your own invention without infringing on someone else's patent.
And you can do all this before you have spent many hours and thousands of dollars on an idea that you can't patent. For the convenience of the public, the USPTO maintains libraries in major cities around the country, where you can identify patents that sound similar to your idea and examine the patents in hard copy form or on microfilm.
You can also access U. Start at uspto. You can now start searching. Patent searches may also be done at google. While internet patent searching is a valuable tool, it may be limited by your experience or by the content of some databases. Once your idea passes the preliminary patent search, you may want to hire a professional patent searcher. Entrepreneur Media, Inc. In order to understand how people use our site generally, and to create more valuable experiences for you, we may collect data about your use of this site both directly and through our partners.
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The information may be searched by entering keywords, names of applicants, international patent classification and many other search criteria in multiple languages. WIPO Translate uses cutting-edge translation technology to produce translations of patent documents with an unprecedented level of accuracy. Tutorials are available in English only. WIPO activities for improving worldwide availability, reliability and comparability of patent legal status data, e.
WIPO reports in areas of particular interest to developing and least developed countries, such as public health, food security, climate change and environment. The Access to Research for Development and Innovation ARDI program provides free access to major scientific and technical journals for local, not-for-profit institutions in least-developed countries; and low-cost access to industrial property offices in developing countries.
Through the Access to Specialized Patent Information ASPI program, patent offices and academic and research institutions in developing countries can receive free or low-cost access to sophisticated tools and services for retrieving and analyzing patent data. Our Technology and Innovation Support Center TISC program gives innovators in developing countries access to high quality technology information and related services to help them create, protect, and manage intellectual property rights.
The WIPO Centralized Access to Search and Examination CASE system enables patent offices to securely share search and examination documentation related to patent applications, facilitating a more effective and efficient international examination process.
IP and Judiciaries Universities. Image: iStockphoto. Projects and studies Patent legal status WIPO activities for improving worldwide availability, reliability and comparability of patent legal status data, e. Patent landscapes WIPO reports in areas of particular interest to developing and least developed countries, such as public health, food security, climate change and environment.
Related patent and technology information programs and services ARDI The Access to Research for Development and Innovation ARDI program provides free access to major scientific and technical journals for local, not-for-profit institutions in least-developed countries; and low-cost access to industrial property offices in developing countries.
ASPI Through the Access to Specialized Patent Information ASPI program, patent offices and academic and research institutions in developing countries can receive free or low-cost access to sophisticated tools and services for retrieving and analyzing patent data.
TISC Our Technology and Innovation Support Center TISC program gives innovators in developing countries access to high quality technology information and related services to help them create, protect, and manage intellectual property rights.If you have a device, substance, method or process that is new, inventive and useful, you may need a patent.
If you want to distinguish your goods, services or both from those of another business, you may need a trade mark. If you want to protect the unique visual appearance of a product, you may need design rights. Find out what you need to know to get started and progress your intellectual property IP journey including tips on taking your idea to market in Australia and abroad. If you are a self filer, attorney or a Qualified Person QP —this is the place to find our examination manuals, FAQs, case studies, search tools and more to help you further understand and research intellectual property.
A patent is a legally enforceable right to commercially exploit the invention for the life of the patent. Your invention must be unique and inventive or innovative in order to gain patent protection. The two types of patents granted in Australia are the standard patent and the innovation patent.
Find out about the differences in the type of inventions they cover and the length of protection they offer. We also explore the advantages of provisional and international applications. Fees are payable at different stages during the patent process and will depend on the type of application you are making.
Searching can help you see whether there is anything similar in the market place which may affect the likelihood of your invention gaining patent protection.Durex mauritius
The patent application process can be daunting. For first time applicants engaging an attorney can greatly increase the chances of success. This is our step-by-step guide on how, why and when to engage a patent attorney.
A provisional application allows you to establish the filing date of your invention while you decide whether to continue the patenting process. Find out more. A standard patent gives you long-term protection and control over your patent for up to 20 years. An innovation patent offers a much faster application process and gives you short-term protection and control over your patent for up to eight years. A PCT application allows you to file one international application for one or more countries that are part of the Treaty over countries including Australia.If you share this patent online, be aware you are in fact sharing a separate patent for avian infectious bronchitis virus and porcine delta-coronavirus.
The present invention provides a live, attenuated coronavirus comprising a variant replicase gene encoding polyproteins comprising a mutation in one or more of non-structural protein s nspnsp, nsp or nsp The present invention relates to an attenuated coronavirus comprising a variant replicase gene, which causes the virus to have reduced pathogenicity.
Avian infectious bronchitis virus IBVthe aetiological agent of infectious bronchitis IBis a highly infectious and contagious pathogen of domestic fowl that replicates primarily in the respiratory tract but also in epithelial cells of the gut, kidney and oviduct.
IBV is a member of the Order Nidovirales, Family Coronaviridae, Subfamily Corona virinae and Genus Gammacoronavirus ; genetically very similar coronaviruses cause disease in turkeys, guinea fowl and pheasants.
Clinical signs of IB include sneezing, tracheal rales, nasal discharge and wheezing. Meat-type birds have reduced weight gain, whilst egg-laying birds lay fewer eggs and produce poor quality eggs. The respiratory infection predisposes chickens to secondary bacterial infections which can be fatal in chicks. The virus can also cause permanent damage to the oviduct, especially in chicks, leading to reduced egg production and quality; and kidney, sometimes leading to kidney disease which can be fatal.
IBV has been reported to be responsible for more economic loss to the poultry industry than any other infectious disease.Porte rasomuro collezione eterea archivi
Although live attenuated vaccines and inactivated vaccines are universally used in the control of IBV, the protection gained by use of vaccination can be lost either due to vaccine breakdown or the introduction of a new IBV serotype that is not related to the vaccine used, posing a risk to the poultry industry.
Further, there is a need in the industry to develop vaccines which are suitable for use in ovo, in order to improve the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of vaccination programmes. A major challenge associated with in ovo vaccination is that the virus must be capable of replicating in the presence of maternally-derived antibodies against the virus, without being pathogenic to the embryo.
Current IBV vaccines are derived following multiple passage in embryonated eggs, this results in viruses with reduced pathogenicity for chickens, so that they can be used as live attenuated vaccines. However such viruses almost always show an increased virulence to embryos and therefore cannot be used for in ova vaccination as they cause reduced hatchability.
Attenuation following multiple passage in embryonated eggs also suffers from other disadvantages. It is an empirical method, as attenuation of the viruses is random and will differ every time the virus is passaged, so passage of the same virus through a different series of eggs for attenuation purposes will lead to a different set of mutations leading to attenuation. There are also efficacy problems associated with the process: some mutations will affect the replication of the virus and some of the mutations may make the virus too attenuated.
Mutations can also occur in the S gene which may also affect immunogenicity so that the desired immune response is affected and the potential vaccine may not protect against the required serotype. In addition there are problems associated with reversion to virulence and stability of vaccines.
It is important that new and safer vaccines are developed for the control of IBV. Thus there is a need for IBV vaccines which are not associated with these issues, in particular vaccines which may be used for in ovo vaccination. The present inventors have used a reverse genetics approach in order to rationally attenuate IBV. This approach is much more controllable than random attenuation following multiple passages in embryonated eggs because the position of each mutation is known and its effect on the virus, i.
Using their reverse genetics approach, the present inventors have identified various mutations which cause the virus to have reduced levels of pathogenicity. The levels of pathogenicity may be reduced such that when the virus is administered to an embryonated egg, it is capable of replicating without being pathogenic to the embryo. Such viruses may be suitable for in ovo vaccination, which is a significant advantage and has improvement over attenuated IBV vaccines produced following multiple passage in embryonated eggs.Rdworks v9 free download
Thus in a first aspect, the present invention provides a live, attenuated coronavirus comprising a variant replicase gene encoding polyproteins comprising a mutation in one or more of non-structural protein s nspnsp, nsp or nsp The replicase gene may comprise one or more nucleotide substitutions selected from the list of:.
The coronavirus may comprise an S protein at least part of which is from an IBV serotype other than M The coronavirus according to the first aspect of the invention has reduced pathogenicity compared to a coronavirus expressing a corresponding wild-type replicase, such that when the virus is administered to an embryonated egg, it is capable of replicating without being pathogenic to the embryo.
In a second aspect, the present invention provides a variant replicase gene as defined in connection with the first aspect of the invention.Have questions? Give us a call Call to get started. A comprehensive search that identifies relevant patents and patent applications published with the USPTO.
Comprehensive search strategy uncovers prior inventions in related fields of technology. View More. Our agents are based in the United States. Welcome back Finish your LLC. Check order status Dashboard Sign out. What would you like to talk about? Legal plans Browse attorney directory Legal document review Speak with an attorney. Check order status Contact us Visit our resource center. Check order status Dashboard Sign out Sign in.
Start my Patent Search Have questions? Give us a call. Read user reviews. Results compiled and bound in a booklet for quick reference. A helpful guide to understanding your search results. How it works 1. Complete our simple online questionnaire 2. We conduct a comprehensive search based on your specifications 3. You receive a detailed search report by mail See details.
Reports compiled and bound for quick reference Helpful guide to understand search results Rapid results — sent via 2-day shipping. Common questions What are some of the specifics of my invention that I need to provide for my search? Descriptions of the main parts or components might include the following: The materials used in each component The shape or form of each component Each component's function in the invention Any other unique aspect of the component The overall use or function of your invention.
How do I title the kind of invention I want to have searched? The title should describe the invention's function, purpose or type. For example: if you had invented the light bulb, the name of your invention might have been "incandescent filament in a glass bulb. What if I have more than one use for my invention? Although your invention may have been created to be used a specific way, there are often other ways to use it.
Describing many different ways your invention could be used can potentially broaden the scope of your patent protection. For example, although the "Thigh Master" is designed primarily to tone your thighs, it is also effective in toning your arms and chest. In this case, the overall objective is increased muscle strength. Another example is an engine specifically designed for a lawnmower.
Though intended for a lawnmower, it might also be used to propel a go-cart or scooter. Listing these alternative uses can potentially broaden your protection. Speak with an attorney Get legal advice from an independent attorney at a price you can afford. Find out more.
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